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液態正義:以類造人的意識形態與治理術Liquid Justice: Ideology and Governmentality of Making up People

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One Divides into Two: Philosophical Archeology of Modern Chinese Political Thought

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The Politics of Memory and the Art of Governance: Inter-Asian Studies on State, Society, Ethnicity and History

Convener:Jui-Hua Chen

From the 19th century to the 20th century, many countries in Northeast and Southeast Asia had become modern nation-states.  These countries have gone through a series of historical processes: colonization, de-colonization, nation-building, civil wars, the Pacific War, the Cold War, as well as the globalization. These histories not only impacted on mass migration and displacement, that shaped a wide range of national identification and historical memories in different regions, but also culminated in ethnic conflicts and class differentiation that are internal to the contemporary societies.  Based on this understanding, the key research concern of this subproject focuses on the politics of memory and the crafts of governing in the modern nation-state. It specifically addresses the consciousness of survivor/remnant (yimin), experiences of wars, bio-power and governmentality, popularization of science education, political thoughts, cultural movements, literary debates, popular religions, as well as the establishment of national and local museums.  It also touches upon issues of politico-economic competition and national identification that have emerged at the moment when the local historical sites intend to be included on the World Heritage List.

The subproject is to fulfill the joint-project’s mission to re-evaluate history of conflicts and injustice. Under this theme, there are three sub-themes: (1) Literary debates and the politics of memory; (2) Cultural heritage and the politics of memory; and (3) Oral history and the politics of memory.

Through intellectuals, states, civil societies, historic communities, and individuals, the three sub-themes question and investigate: How has the past been crystalized into cultural memory of contemporary society? What kinds of conflicts have been represented or covered in the process of digging up historical memories? What kinds of justice have been pursued through the different reconstitution projects of historic memories? How can the knowledge produced contribute to decolonization?

Subproject I’s focus of the first two years is on “Literary debates and the politics of memory”. The research result is presented in the international conference “Literary Debates and the Politics of Memory: Toward an Inter-Asia Perspective” (organized in 2019). We are now editing the edited volume resulted from the conference. 

The edited volume will be the world’s first academic publication integrating the discussion on Nativist Literature (Xiantu Wenxue) Debate in postwar Taiwan, Debate on National (Kokumin) Literature in Japan, National and People’s (Minjok-Minjung) Literature Debate in Korea, and Debates of Malaysian Chinese / Sinophone (Mahua) Literature. Its contribution includes: (i) Formulating new perspectives on literary debates through inter-referencing several literary debates in East and Southeast Asia; (ii) Providing a new understanding of postwar East and Southeast Asia through the politics of memory in literary debates.

We will focus on “Cultural heritage and the politics of memory” in the 3rd and 4th years, “Oral history and the politics of memory” and the integration of all the sub-themes in the 5th year. 
 

Research Topics

Dis/Re-located People’s War Experiences and the Postwar Politics of MemoryCho-Ying Li at the Institute of History, National Tsing-Hua University
Empire of Hygiene and the Popularization Movement of Science: From the Late Qing to the Republic of China (1873-1945)Yuehtsen Juliette Chung at the Institute of History, National Tsing-Hua University
Sinology and the Political Thoughts of Modern East Asia: Nationalism and the World OrderHung-Yueh Lan at the Institute of Social Research and Cultural Studies, National Chiao Tung University
Study Abroad in the Motherland: Taiwanese Literary Youths in the Left-wing Cultural Corridor (1920-1937)Shu-Chin Liu at the Institute of Taiwan Literature, National Tsing-Hua University
Narrating the 1970s: Literary Debates, Everyday Life, and Politics of MemoryChih-Ming Wang, at the Institute of European and American Studies, Academia Sinica
Class That Matters: Colonial Economy, Empire Culture and the Critical Perspective of Taiwanese Nativist LiteratureElliott Shr-tzung Shie, at the Institute of Taiwan Literature, National Tsing Hua University
Cultural Governance and Politics of Memory in the Heritagization of Popular ReligionMing-Chun Ku, at the Institute of Sociology, National Tsing Hua University
Classifying Historical Memories: A Political-Economic Analysis of the World Heritage Application and the National Identity Construction in Southeast Asian CountriesShaw-Herng Huang at the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, National Chiao Tung University
Cultural Politics in the Representation of Immigrants: A Comparative Study of Migration Museums in Different Countries in the World-SystemJui-Hua Chen at the Institute of Sociology, National Tsing Hua University
The History Problem, Quarantine, Politics of Memory and Heritage-Making, and the Road Towards Reconciliation in Asia: Perspectives from the Peripheries of EmpiresDesmond Hok-Man SHAM, Postdoctoral Researcher, National Chiao Tung University
Here and Now at Malaya: Revisiting the 1948 Debate on the Uniqueness of Chinese Malayan literatureSHOW Ying Xin, Postdoctoral Researcher, The Australian National University, School of Culture, History and Language, College of Asia and the Pacific
On National Economics and the Essays of Park Hyun-chae: Using Nativist Literature Debate in Taiwan as a Referent PointYEON Gwang Seok, Researcher, National Chiao Tung University Asia-Pacific Cultural Studies
The Negative of an Era: A Study in Narratives by and about Chen YingzhenYu-Wen SUNG, Department of Chinese Literature, National Central University

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