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2019/10/14 LAU Kek-huat-Lecture: The Tree Remember (1)

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2018-2019 Year Book

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Lecture Series:Zhao Ma

2018-12-03 - 2018-12-04

Speaker:Zhao Ma
Zhao Ma is associate professor from Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures at Washington University in St. Louis. He received his Ph.D. in History from the Johns Hopkins University.


1. Topic : "Korean Thugs," Narcotic Enterprise, and the Making of Urban Underworld in Wartime Beijing

Time:2018/12/03  13:30 - 16:30 
Venue:交大人社二館206-1教室
Moderator: 潘博成 交大社文所博士候選人

The paper explores the historical and cultural origins of the anti-Korean sentiments that had infested many levels of Chinese society in the wake of the Korean War campaign. These sentiments, as official reports reveal, were deeply rooted in the traumatic years of the early twentieth century, when China fell victim both to Western industrial powers and to neighboring countries that previously were part of China’s tributary empire. In the case of Korea, it was once China’s tributary state but moved out of the political orbit of the Qing dynasty after China was defeated by Japan in 1895. After being annexed to the emerging Japanese colonial empire in 1910, Korea took part in the Japanese military and economic assault on China. As a reward for their activities in helping expand Japan’s colonial empire, Koreans living in Japanese-occupied China were given certain privileges, which allowed them to run crime syndicates in the occupied territories, especially in North and Northeast China. By the time the Korean War broke out, Koreans had lost their privileges in China and the peninsula faced internal division and external geopolitical pressures; however, the harrowing experience of living under the brutal Japanese rule and being victimized by “Korean thugs” still resonated with ordinary Chinese people and continued to produce negative feelings toward all Koreans. In the eyes of communist leaders, the anti-Korean sentiment not only hindered the ongoing war effort but also posed a grave threat that could potentially derail China’s long-term political agenda to launch a global revolution. Therefore, the revolutionary government decided to launch a propaganda campaign to promote China’s alliance with North Korea and to sell the war to the public.


2. Topic : 性別化的戰爭:抗美援朝創作運動與革命中國的國際主義想像

Time:2018/12/04  13:30 - 16:30 
Venue:交大人社二館106教室
Moderator: 邱德亮  交大社文所副教授

摘要:
抗美援朝戰爭在革命中國的歷史書寫和大眾記憶中占有重要地位,戰爭中確立的“中朝同盟”不僅是抗美援朝運動的政治基礎,也成為冷戰時期中國國際戰略的重要基石。本文關注戰爭時期的文藝創作活動,特別是李又然、路翎、巴金與楊朔等四位作家的朝鮮題材文學作品。他們塑造了一系列朝鮮女性形象:李又然的作品中突出了戰爭的受害者形像,婦女是敵人殺戮、強奸、劫掠的對象。巴金則將中國革命語境中經典的“軍民魚水情”的敘事模式延伸到了異國他鄉,用大眾所熟悉的家庭話語詮釋了國際主義政治理念,用傳統的倫理道德的合理性詮釋了共產主義世界革命的意識形態的合法性。路翎試圖把中國志願軍戰士描繪成兄長、父親、甚至戀人的身份,融入異國戰地生活,完成革命話語下中國對同盟國的扶危濟困與政治啟蒙的光榮責任。三位作家試圖通過塑造朝鮮婦女形象,強調中朝兩國友誼與軍事同盟的戰爭宣傳主題。但是他們的作品遭遇了不同的政治批評,文學創作與政治宣傳之間的復雜關係,為我們提供了新的視角,理解冷戰時期革命中國想像世界(特別是“第三世界”)的多種嘗試。

* Lecture in Chinese 


經費來源: 高等教育深耕計畫─特色領域研究中心計畫:「衝突、正義、解殖:亞際社會批判研究」 
主辦單位: 國立交通大學/台聯大系統文化研究國際中心、交通大學社會與文化研究所、亞際文化研究國際碩士學位學程(台灣聯合大學系統)

http://iccs.nctu.edu.tw/
http://iics.nctu.edu.tw/

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